In Smith’s Curriculum Theory and Practice article I learned about the Tyler Rationale. The Tyler rationale is used in schools when teaching the curriculum. His theory was based around these four questions…
- What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?
- What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?
- How can educational experiences be effectively organized?
- How can we determine whether these purposes are being attained?
As we look more in depth into this rationale, it was broken down to these 4 statements that better helped me understand his rationale which is
(1) educations aims and objectives;
(2) educations content;
(3) the organization of teaching and learning in education;
(4) and evaluation and assessment in education.
1.The ways in which you may have experience the Tyler rationale in your own schooling;
The Tyler Rationale is a very traditional way of learning and no one questioned whether it was actually beneficial. In my schools we would know exactly what to do and when to do it. For example, in one of my classes we would come in have silent reading for the first 20 minutes of class and after that everything was on the board on what you needed to do. Very little interaction with the teacher. I almost felt like a robot in school, I followed every direction the teacher gave me and caused no trouble. Being in that type of schooling system it was very easy to catch on to how things worked. Everything we did we knew that we would be tested on it at some point in time. I can recall during my early years in schools I would not really learn things but memorize everything because I knew I was going to be tested on it. Thinking back on that I really did not care if I actually knew what we were learning, as long as I did well on the test my teacher/ parents would be happy. But was I really benefiting for that?
2. What are the major limitations of the Tyler rationale/what does it make impossible
The major limitations to the Tyler rationale is that it is creating predictable students throughout the years. Every year the students will be the same because we are teaching the same way. It limits students to not be free thinkers and have their own opinions, we are teaching them not be to creative and have creative minds. It limits students to not think outside the box. The Tyler rationale focuses on what they think is most important like Math, Science and English but does not let students be great in other areas like Art, Cooking, Physical Education, Wood Working etc. Which in some cases only let students who are good in the core areas excel and everyone else not excel.
3. What are some potential benefits/what is made possible.
Some benefits about this rationale is that is teaches students to be discipline about following directions. Students will be good at doing step A then B then C. It also helps students sticking things out to the end. I know most parents complain about our generation and say we give up too easily. This rationale will help students push through when things start to get hard. For the teachers it allows them to prepare for the students way ahead of time which makes it easier for them. The teachers become more organized on what and when they teach certain materials.